Modernity's claim that "Might was Right" (and correct) is a significant expansion from the Bible's mere temporary linking together of the two separate entities, the Mighty and the Wise, for the purpose of warning of hubris.
Now, under Modernity, the Mighty were (and invariably were) the Wise, by definition, simply for being mighty.
"Hubris will write the definitions from here on in, thank you very much." (!!!)
To be wise is not to be the truth, but to be able to seek it out and successfully separate it out from the non-truth and thus to be worthy.
The wise could triage truth from non-truth, could put truth and non-truth in a clearcut, eternal and universal vertical hierarchy of worthiness.
In addition, by definition, to be weak and small (beings) was to be foolish, unwise , unable to discern truth from non-truth, unworthy.
Under Modernity, big nations would indeed have more Nobel price winners, per capita, than small nations.
But for Modernity, small physical nonliving objects like atoms were the core of The Truth, seen as something able to be reduced to a few simple explanations about the motions of a very small number of very small, very simple, very stable, objects.
Truth was seen as eventually being contained in a short simple all-encompassing "Theory of Everything" : a few laws of physics would explain and predict everything in the past, present and future Universe, up to and including the workings of the human mind.
Modernity's Universe of Worthiness saw a tiny number of very big objects (the Great Powers nations : perhaps only Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia) and a tiny number of very small objects (perhaps only the atoms of the most usually elements : oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and iron, because the others could be atomically transmutated upon request.)
First those humans and nations unworthy of life were dispatched, then plants, animals and microbes regarded as weeds and pathogens.
Finally all plants, animals and microorganisms were dispatched, defined as useless competitors, competing over limited space and valuable atoms.
Now, working on a surface as sterile and as wide-open as the surface of Mars, Modernity could really start with a clean slate.....